David Was Anointed – I Samuel 16 & 17


As we study these two chapters, we want to consider the idea of reflection. When we look into a mirror, are we seeing an actual person? No, we are seeing an image that looks identical to ourselves. God’s plan is for each of us to reflect His image – to look like Him. What do these chapters teach us about reflecting God’s image?


In I Sam 16:7, we learn that God doesn’t focus on what we look like on the outside; He is focused on our hearts. That’s where we most need to look like Him. David had God’s approval. In Acts 13:2, God says that David was a man after His own heart. David’s heart reflected God’s heart. We have to ask, “In what ways did David mirror God?” and “Can we mirror God in those ways, too?”

  • I Sam 16:18 – David played the harp well; he was excellent at what he did. He was brave and had good judgement and the Lord was with him.
  • I Sam 17:15-18 – David obediently served his father.
  • I Sam 17:26 – David had a correct understanding of God and himself (and the other Israelites) – God is the living God; we are his servant, his army. David cared deeply about God’s honor. “Who is this pagan that he should defy the armies of the living God?”
  • I Sam 17:28-30 - David wasn’t deterred when his own honor was offended. He was laser focused on defending God’s honor.
  • I Sam 17:32 – David was willing to risk everything to defend God’s honor.
  • I Sam 17:37 – David’s perspective was spot on; all past victories he attributed to God, and he trusted God to give victory over Goliath. He didn’t let past successes make him prideful and dependent on himself, and he didn’t let present dangers shake his trust in God.
  • I Sam 17:40 – David trusted in God, remembering His record of working through David. He wasn’t distracted by more sophisticated armor and swords. However, David had obviously “put in the practice” necessary to become skillful with the sling and stones. He was faithful in the little things, so he was prepared to be used by God when the time was ripe.
  • I Sam 17:45-47 – David publicly declared his motivation – God’s glory – “the whole world will know there is a God in Israel, and everyone assembled here will know that the Lord rescues His people.”


In many ways, David reflected who Christ was even though Jesus didn’t arrive in Bethlehem until almost a thousand years after David lived.

  1. 1. David was a warrior. When Jesus returns, He will also be a warrior.
  2. 2. David won a victory for the Israelites. Jesus has won victory for us over sin, death and Satan.
  3. 3. David didn’t look like a king. Jesus’ appearance wasn’t what people expected the Messiah to look like.
  4. 4. David was God’s choice to be king of the Israelites. God has also chosen Jesus to be our forever King.
  5. 5. When the Israelites couldn’t defeat Goliath, David battled for the Israelites. We cannot defeat sin, so Jesus defeated sin for us.

However, David was an imperfect reflection of God. Only Jesus is a perfect King and a true reflection of God.




Activity – Make a mirror image – Give kids half a drawing (half a heart, half a Christmas tree, half a face, etc) and let them try to draw the mirror image to complete the drawing.

  • You’re drawing the reflection of the image you see on the page to create a whole image. Did you know that when God created people, He said that we were created in His image? In what ways do people mirror God’s image? We are social; we enjoy and crave interaction with others. We have a spirit. We are creative. We can love. We appreciate beauty. We make plans. We communicate. How many of these things do you do??
  • However, when sin entered the world, it ruined our ability to reflect God’s image. (Compare a mirror to a crumpled piece of aluminum foil). What are some ways we fail to reflect God? We are selfish. We get angry too quickly. We are prideful. We always want to be right. We cheat. We lie. We disobey. We are jealous. We are disrespectful. We aren’t kind. We don’t love people.
  • When we give our lives to God, He begins conforming us to the image of His Son, making us better reflections of Himself. (Explain that smoothing the aluminum foil out makes it more reflective. If we could buff it our super well, it could be highly polished like a mirror and would become very reflective. Our God can use trouble and pain in our lives “to buff us out” and conform us to God’s image). What are some specific ways we can reflect God when we become Christians? We forgive. We love. We have joy, peace, patience, kindness, gentleness, self-control. Eph. 5:22, 23
  • Tell kids a true, personal story of a time when you reflected God to people around you.
  • Tell kids a true, personal story of a time you did NOT reflect God to people around you.
  • How should we respond when we fail to accurately reflect God? Consider whether you have ever trusted Jesus to save you from your sin. Thank Jesus for dying for your sin. Thank God for forgiveness. Apologize to and ask forgiveness of others if appropriate. Pray. Find verses related to the situation. Memorize verses that might help you respond differently next time. Confess to a friend/parent, who will pray for you.
  • This week, think about how well you are reflecting God. Talk to God about it. Talk to your parents about it. Do you know someone who reflects God well?


Additional questions:

What did you learn about God/Jesus?

  • God cares most about our hearts.
  • God wants us to remember all He has done for us.
  • God wants us to bring Him glory.
  • God is with us. He can do the impossible.
  • God will give us all the resources we need to win victory over sin.


What did you learn about people?

  • People often take credit for what God has done.
  • People often blame God when things don’t work out as they wanted.
  • People can be used by God to do amazing things.


What did you learn about yourself?

  • I want to always remember who God is and who I am.
  • I want to hear the Holy Spirit speaking to me.
  • I want to bravely obey God immediately when He tells me something.